b'08Hardware engineer LiamRichardson carries a target board for testing lidar accuracy inside the Palo Alto test-fleet garage.brilliant engineers wasnt enough to win. We needed to integrate all our individual activities into a holistic process, something that only a sys-tems-engineering mentality could solve. In fact, the same thing that fascinated me back then is the very thing that engages me now as the CEO of a self-driving technology company: the desire to create sophisticated and elegant technological systems that strengthen our society.In 2016, Peter Rander and I founded Argo AI based on the belief that self-driving technology could have a profound and positive impact on our world. We believed that, if done responsibly and with the right partners, self-driving vehicles could address unmet consumer needs and solve major pain points that afflict cities, their residents, and society in gener-al. When adopted at scale, self-driving vehicles could play an instrumen-tal role in drastically improving road safety, potentially saving thousands of lives and billions in property damage. They could help reimagine city infrastructure, reduce traffic congestion, and decrease the need for park-ing lots. They could improve the accessibility and convenience of trans-portation overall. Our belief in the technology was far-reaching and yet hyper-local: we imagined that our home city of Pittsburgh would also be enriched by the advent of the system we wanted to build.This book is an articulation of our original vision and values, and a deep dive into the systems we have created as a team of more than 1,000 people. In these pages, youll learn everything from the decades-long history of the technology that made self-driving possible (page 64) to how were constructing our own powerful lidar sensors (page 22). Well bring you to our test track in Pennsylvania to demonstrate the count-less edge-case scenarios we tackle (page 110) and youll meet some of the people building and testing our systems, including test specialists, hardware engineers, service technicians, and data scientists. And youll learn what our autonomous future may look like, according to some of the most experienced leaders in robotics and self-driving, as well as the most free-thinking creators out there: their children. Just as my obsessionwith mechanical systems was born at thoseearlyvisitstothesteelplant,anotherfixationsafetywas sparked by an incident from my youth. One evening, when I was 15, my mother noticed that we were low on milk. She zipped out just before dinner and said she would be right back. Two hours ticked by. She didnt come home. My stepdad and I, by then frantic with worry, finally got a call from the hospital: my mom had been in a rollover accident, her Chrysler Voyager T-boned in an intersection by an elderly driver whod run a red light in a giant station wagon.We rushed to the hospital and I saw my mom on a gurney. Somehow, miraculously, she only had a broken hand, but they wanted to keep her under observation. She was incredibly fortunate. We later went to the junkyard to see the family van. It was totalled. I still remember the sick-ening smell of a car thats been in a bad accidentthe engine oil sprayed FullBook_Mar24.indb 8 4/25/21 6:41 PM'