b'211LONG-RANGE5NEAR-FIELD9AUTONOMOUS12ELECTRICAL LIDAR CAMERAS VEHICLE SYSTEMPOWER SYSTEMSLidar, which stands for lightMany objects are too close(AVS) While main power to theAUTONOMOUS MODE detection and ranging, worksto the vehicle for far-fi eldvehicle is provided from the by sending out a laser pulsecameras to detect. Crucially,The vehicles primary computehigh-voltage battery, thereENGAGEMENT/system. The AVS hardware and measuring how long itnear-fi eld cameras captureexecutes the self-drivingare backup electrical powerDISENGAGEMENT takes for the pulse to refl ectclose-up objectsincludingsources and distribution to offof an object and travellane markings, curbs,software stack, which includesseveral critical components.CONTROLSback to a receiver. Theand nearby cyclists orfunctions such as sensor-dataIn the case of a power failure, resulting measurements allowpedestriansby solving foracquisition and processing;the backup powernets areWhile in development, Argo Argo to create precise, 3Dblind spots in the vehiclesdetection, tracking, andable to provide power to thetest vehicles are overseen representations of a vehiclesimmediate vicinity.prediction; localization andcomputers, sensors, andby test specialists, who use surroundings.mapping services; motion- braking and steering systemsthese controls to disengage from autonomous mode planning and controls; plus 26RADAR diagnostics, logging, andto bring the vehicle to awhen necessary.SHORT-RANGEWorks similarly to lidar, butmore. The AVS is capablecontrolled stop.LIDAR employs radio waves insteadof detecting objects in and13Engaging Autonomous 15912of pulsed laser light. Unlike21 COMPUTEMode ButtonsLONG-RANGENEAR-FIELDAUTONOMOUSELECTRICALaround its path and planning Provides accurate 3D models LIDAR CAMERAS arby surroundingslidar, radar can determinean appropriate response, andCOOLING SYSTEM Located on the steering of ne VEHICLE SYSTEMPOWER SYSTEMSLidar, which stands for lightMany objects are too closea moving objects relativecan execute an emergencywheel, engaging autonomous detection and ranging, worksto the vehicle for far-fi eld(AVS) While main power to theAUTONOMOUS MODE to complement near-fi eldvehicle is provided from theKeeps the primary compute by sending out a laser pulsecameras to detect. Crucially,The vehicles primary computespeed, which is critical inmaneuver to avoid andmode requires pressing two system. The AVS hardwarehigh-voltage battery, thereENGAGEMENT/and measuring how long itcameras while also detectingare backup electrical powersystem at a safe operational takes for the pulse to refl ectnear-fi eld cameras captureexecutes the self-drivingsources and distribution toDISENGAGEMENTitigate potential collisions. close-up objectsincludingsoftware stack, which includespredicting how an object willm buttons in sequence.offof an object and travelobjects that are too close forseveral critical components.CONTROLS temperature.lane markings, curbs, back to a receiver. Theand nearby cyclists orfunctions such as sensor-datacontinue to move. Because In the case of a power failure, resulting measurements allowlong-range lidar to sense.the backup powernets areWhile in development, ArgoSteering WheelArgo to create precise, 3Dblind spots in the vehiclesacquisition and processing;able to provide power to theor gageCOMPLEMENTARY14To disengage from pedestriansby solving fordetection, tracking, andits less sensitive to fact s10 test vehicles are overseen representations of a vehicles6Essential for detecting objectslike sno by test specialists, who useREDUNDANTautonomous mode, a driver immediate vicinity.prediction; localization andcomputers, sensors, andthese controls to disensurroundings.mapping services; motion- w, fog, rain, or dust, 2SHORT-RANGElike ride-hail passengersgbraking and steering systemswhen necessary. AUTONOMOUSneeds to apply torque to the planning and controls; plusfrom autonomous mode RADAR diagnostics, logging, andto bring the vehicle to ae varied LIDAR Works similarly to lidar, butmore. The AVS is capable13radar can help in mor Engaging AutonomousBRAKING AND waiting by the curb, passin controlled stop.Provides accurate 3D modelsemploys radio waves insteadof detecting objects in andconditions and environments.VEHICLE SYSTEMsteering wheel.cyclists, and pedestriansCOMPUTEMode Buttonsof nearby surroundingsof pulsed laser light. Unlikearound its path and planningCOOLING SYSTEM Located on the steeringSTEERING SYSTEMSlidar, radar can determinean appropriate response, and to complement near-fi eldemerging between parked7buttons in sequence. (CAVS) Two braking and steering cameras while also detectinga moving objects relativecan execute an emergencytemperature. INERTIAL TIMING wheel, engaging autonomous speed, which is critical inmaneuver to avoid andKeeps the primary computemode requires pressing two objects that are too close forcarsanything within a fewsystem at a safe operational predicting how an object willmitigate potential collisions. long-range lidar to sense.continue to move. Because10COMPLEMENTARY14MODULE Steering Wheel The unique back-up systemsystems exist on separate Essential for detecting objectsfeet, or maybe even a fewTo disengage from its less sensitive to factors like ride-hail passengerslike snow, fog, rain, or dust,REDUNDANTautonomous mode, a driver waiting by the curb, passinginches, away.needs to appl to support the AVS, whichpower distribution networks. radar can help in more variedAUTONOMOUSy torque to the cyclists, and pedestriansconditions and environments.VEHICLE SYSTEMBRAKING ANDsteering wheel. functions in a mannerThis redundancy allows the This component uses inertial emerging between parked7STEERING SYSTEMScarsanything within a fewINERTIAL TIMING(CAVS) sensors to measure motioncomparable to the automaticvehicle to operate safely if feet, or maybe even a few3FAR-FIELDTwo braking and steerings to measureemergency braking systemsone system fails.inches, away.MODULE The unique back-up systemsystems exist on separate to support the AVS, whichand GPS sensorpower distribution networks. 3FAR-FIELDCAMERAS one sy time. Argo vehicles usefound on production vehicles This component uses inertialfunctions in a mannerThis redundancy allows the sensors to measure motioncomparable to the automaticvehicle to operate safely if and GPS sensors to measureemergency braking systemsstem fails.CAMERAS time. Argo vehicles usefound on production vehicles15DATA STORAGE today. CAVS is designed to15DATA STORAGECameras mounted to theCameras mounted to themultiple sources of inertial multiple sources of inertialtoday. CAVS is designed to front and rear sensor podsmeasurement in diversesatisfy two primary functions:measurement in diversesatisfy two primary functions: create a 360-degree viewfront and rear sensor podsLocated in the AVS, theLocated in the AVS, the locations, enabling a vehicleto perform collision-mitigation to help detect static andto know where it is and howfunctions if required, and tolocations, enabling a vehicleto perform collision-mitigation data storage system stores dynamic objects on all sidescreate a 360-degree viewinformation gathered duringdata storage system stores fast it is moving, even if anoff er critical system-failure of a vehicle. Argo pairs dataindividual sensor is impaired. backup control. CAVS isto know where it is and howfunctions if required, and to a ride. After every test drive, from cameras with machine- to help detect static andthe test fl eet operations teamBrake and Throttle 8designed to stop the vehicleooads data via network portinformation gathered during learning algorithms to detectsafely, should the AVS fail. fast it is moving, even if anoff er critical system-failure WHEEL SPEEDand uploads the informationAlternately, drivers can objects, classify them, anddynamic objects on all sidesto Argo cloud storage fordisengage autonomous mode help predict the behavior ofSENSORS 11individual sensor is impaired. backup control. CAVS isa ride. After every test drive, Instruments that measure theDIAGNOSTICStraining data and trip analysis. by pressing either the brake moving ones.of a vehicle. Argo pairs dataor the throttle.working speed of the wheels,AND VEHICLEdesigned to stop the vehiclethe test fl eet operations team 4from cameras with machine- Seat Belt FAR-FIELD STEREOwhich help to understandHEALTH8WHEEL SPEEDsafely, should the AVS fail. ooads data via network portBrake and Throttle whether the vehicle is movingUnbuckling the seat belt also learning algorithms to detectdisengages autonomous CAMERAS the way the SDS projected itMONITORINGmodeand uploads the informationAlternately, drivers can Stereo cameras help towould.objects, classify them, andSENSORS Emergency Buttonsto Argo cloud storage fordisengage autonomous mode A sophisticated vehicle-create a depth map of themonitoring system thatInstruments that measure the11DIAGNOSTICStraining data and trip analysis. by pressing either the brake road ahead by identifying thehelp predict the behavior ofIn case of emergency, a runs diagnostics to test the same pixel from an imagehealth of various systemsyellow button disengages in two cameras with nearlymoving ones.ystemworking speed of the wheels,AND VEHICLEor the throttle.and recommend emergencyautonomous mode and a red identical fi elds of view, andbackup maneuvers whenbutton cuts propulsive torque then measuring the distanceneeded. In addition toto the vehicle.between pixels from oneFAR-FIELD STEREOwhether the vehicle is movingHEALTHSeat Belt diagnostics, this s which help to understand camera to the next. This is4also monitors the vehicle used to help estimate anto determine its road objects distance from thereadiness, such as ensuringUnbuckling the seat belt also vehicle.CAMERAS the way the SDS projected itMONITORINGdisengages autonomous all doors are closed before driving.Stereo cameras help towould.A sophisticated vehicle- mode create a depth map of themonitoring system thatEmergency Buttons road ahead by identifying theruns diagnostics to test theIn case of emergency, a same pixel from an imagehealth of various systemsyellow button disengages in two cameras with nearlyand recommend emergencyautonomous mode and a red identical fi elds of view, andbackup maneuvers whenbutton cuts propulsive torque then measuring the distanceneeded. In addition toto the vehicle.between pixels from onediagnostics, this system camera to the next. This isalso monitors the vehicle FullBook_Mar24.indb 21 used to help estimate anto determine its road 4/25/21 6:41 PMobjects distance from thereadiness, such as ensuring vehicle.all doors are closed before driving.FullBook_Mar24.indb 21 4/25/21 6:41 PM'