b'G R E A T M O M E N T S I N A U T O N O M O U S H I S T O R Y *A 2,000-year journey through the creation of the self-driving car.HISTORIC CULTURAL ARGO AIBOTH REAL AND IMAGINEDEnglish engineerSir Robert Watson-Wyatt 1866 1935Robert Whitehead,demonstrates therst building upon workpractical radio system done by Austro-Hun- for detecting aircraft to garian naval ocerthe British Air Minis-Giovanni Luppis,try, both advancing completes the worldsEnglands position inOne year after theWorld War II and layingrst self-propelled 1930Islamic Golden Agetorpedo, which usesmonthly sci-magazinethe groundwork for theto 1200 800 The magic carpet makes itsa two-cylinder, com- Air Wonder Stories intro- radar technology thatpressed-air engine toduced therst-knownwould shape self-driv- rst known appearance in theconcept for a self-driv- ing technology.story Prince Ahmad and thetravel 200 yards at a Fairy Peri-Banu, which wasspeed of 6 knots. ing car, Werner Illings collected along with othernovel Utopolis de-Middle Eastern folk tales inscribes an autonomous The One Thousand and One1910 car that communicated Nights. Similar conceptswith trac lights using appear across centuries andmechanical eyes, nav-continents, whisking passen- igated the city using a gers through the skies in art,map etched into a metal folklore, andction. plate, and behaved as if it had learnt all possible trac rules by heart.1200 1500 1860 1920 1930 19401900 1890 In Jules Vernes novel 1895The Self-Propelled Italian inventor Leonar- Island, a string quartet 1478 could be programmed1870 1880 community for thewagons of Oz, introduc- The Stanford Cart:Mark Richards, Courtesy of the Computer History Museum.do da Vinci sketches nds themselves kid-concept for a self-pro- napped to an arti cial,The 35th installment of 1941pelled cart, poweredmotorized island builtthe Oz series, Scala-by springs, whose routeas a traveling gated by inserting woodenultra-wealthy. es the Wizards latest pegs into its gears.invention: scalawagons,dull-wittedying cars Estimated range waswith heads that pop 130 feet. out of their roofs and engines that run onabber-gas.Thectional inventor in 1935David H. Kellers The Living Machine creates a voice-activated, self-driving car after getting hit by a reckless driverbefore the car itself goes rogue, wreak-ing havoc on the city.c4-1_Timeline-F.indd 64 4/25/21 7:09 PM'