b'66Will Smith reviewsFour driverless vans 2004 2010caseles and getsparticipate in the some shut-eye as hisVisLab Intercontinental autonomous Audi RSQ Autonomous Challenge, speeds through Chica- a 9,900-mile, 100-day gos tunnels before twointercontinental route massive autonomousstarting in Parma, Italy, vehicles packed withand ending in Shang-murderous robots sur- hai, China.round him in I, Robot. DARPA hosts its sec-2005ond Grand Challenge; this time,ve teams successfully cross thenish line, with the Stanford Racing Teams Stanley taking homeGoogle begins testing 2009 rst prize with a winningitsrst self-driving time of six hours. cars in San Francisco.Intelligent parking 2003assist features start to appear in some car models.20002000 2010 2020 For the third iteration 2007of their driverless car competition, DARPA introduces the Urban Tom Cruise makes aChallenge, in which 2002dramatic escape, hop- robotic racers had ping among autono- to navigate a 60-mile mous pods with rotatingThe Defense AdvancedWhile working at thecourse complete with 20042006passenger compart- Research ProjectsNational Roboticstrac regulations, ments as they glideAgency (DARPA) hostsEngineering Center,urban obstacles, and, most important, other around frictionless, om- itsrst Grand Chal- a 26-year-old Bryancars. CMU and GMs nidirectional highways inlenge, o ering a millionSalesky meets DARPAvehicle, Bosswith Minority Report. dollars to therst teamGrand Challenge vet- Bryan Salesky as soft-to send a robotic careran (and fellow future across a 150-mile routeself-driving startupware leadtakes home in the Mojave Desert.founder) Chris Urmson,the $2 million prize.None of the entrantswho asks him to help succeed. CMUs autonomous vehicle successfully cross an Air Force base obstacle course as the teams software lead in the 2007 DAR-PA Urban Challenge. Their car wins.c4-1_Timeline-F.indd 66 4/25/21 7:09 PM'