b'69ON THE SHOULDERSOF GIANTSTHE SECOND WAVEBuilding otheir predecessors theoretical frameworks, these leaders went to work on early prototypes.WILLIAM L. RED WHITTAKER TAKEO KANADEHANS MORAVEC CHUCK THORPE YOSHUA BENGIO(bottom left) , Known to many as theCMU professor Takeo KanadeHans Moravec is one of theChuck Thorpe spent most ofGEOFFREY HINTON(bottom right) , father of fi eld robotics,is responsible for numerousworlds most famous futurists,his career at Carnegie Mellon,AND YANN LECUNRed Whittaker will go downgroundbreaking innovationshaving dedicated much of hisadvancing over the yearsOften referred to as the in history for bringing robotsin various fi elds of roboticslife to a transhumanist vision.from PhD student to directorfathers of deep learning, out of research laboratoriesand artifi cial intelligence,He served as the directorof the Robotics Institute,these three theorists were and into the real world.where he holds more than 20of CMUs Mobile Robotbefore moving on to Clarksonrecognized with the 2018 Practical applications of hispatents. His advancements inLaboratory for many years,University. He ran a programA.M. Turing Award for their own technologies and devicesobject recognition have beenwhere he developed mobileunder the U.S. Department ofrevolutionary contributions to include rescue, inspection,particularly fundamental in therobots with 3D awareness,Transportations Autonomousthe fi eld of deep learning, the and repair operations indevelopment of self-drivingand founded roboticsHighway System projectculmination of more than 30 dangerous settings likecars. In 2016, he received thecompany Seegrid Corporationin the mid-1990s, whichyears of research in the fi eld. collapsed mines and nuclearKyoto Prize, Japans highestin 2003. His writings ondemonstrated a numberFrom artifi cial neural networks sites. He has held various topaward for lifetime achievementthe many ways in whichof self-driving skills andto computer vision, their positions at CMUs Roboticsin the arts and science. technology might reshape andtechnologies that fedresearch has built key Institute over the years, andredefi ne human life, includingUrban Challenge teamsfoundations for self-driving led CMU teams in the DARPAhis books Mind Children anda decade later. He alsocar technology.Grand Challenges since theRobot, have established himserved on various scientifi c inception of the contest,as a leading techno-visionary. and advisory committees, eventually taking fi rst placeincluding the White House in the Urban Challenge withteam that created the National their entry Boss in 2007. Advanced Manufacturing Initiative.FullBook_Mar24.indb 69 4/25/21 6:42 PM'